Calls for a spade – until you need a fork
It’s the end of the season for half-hardy vegetables so enjoy your runner beans, courgettes, marrows and sweet corn. What’s left and you don’t want goes on the compost.
When you dig the beds use a spade and leave the ground rough so the winter breaks down the soil. If your sub-soil is heavy clay then take a fork to it. If the soil is light, sandy loam then leave the digging until spring so it doesn’t lose too much moisture.
Where the ground has not been dug before or for a long time, use the double digging technique. Use a spade to dig a trench one spade deep then fork the bottom to the depth of the fork. Dig the next trench and turn the soil into the first and so on until the last trench is dug and you use the soil from the first trench to fill it. Keep off the dug area until spring planting.
- Keep hoeing weeds
- Plant fruit trees and bushes
- Try planting standards of apples, pears, plums, and cherries
- Lift some leeks after a good frost and they will store in a shed or cold greenhouse
- Lift and store Jerusalem artichokes, parsnips, horseradish
- Support Brussels sprouts and purple broccoli plants with canes or stakes
- Sow autumn broad beans for early cropping in spring
- Force rhubarb